Yoshihiro Francis Fukuyama born October 27, is an American political scientistpolitical economistand author.
Fukuyama is known for his book The End of History and the Last Manwhich argued that the worldwide spread of liberal democracies and free market capitalism of the West and its lifestyle may signal the end point of humanity's sociocultural evolution and become the final form of human government. However, his subsequent book Trust: Social Virtues and Creation of Prosperity modified his earlier position to acknowledge that culture cannot be cleanly separated from economics.
Fukuyama is also associated with the rise of the neoconservative movement,  from which he has since distanced himself. Previously, he was Omer L. Francis Fukuyama was born in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago. His paternal grandfather fled the Russo-Japanese War in and started a shop on the west coast before being interned in the Second World War.
Fukuyama received his Bachelor of Arts degree in classics from Cornell Universitywhere he studied political philosophy under Allan Bloom. Huntington and Harvey Mansfieldamong others. He earned his Ph. Fukuyama lived at the Telluride House and has been affiliated with the Telluride Association since his undergraduate years at Cornell, an education enterprise that was The End Of History Fukuyama Essay to other significant leaders and intellectuals, including Steven WeinbergPaul Wolfowitz and Kathleen Sullivan.
Fukuyama was the Omer L. Until July 10,he was the Bernard L. Fukuyama is best known as the author of The End of History and the Last Manin which he argued that the progression of human history as a struggle between ideologies is largely at an end, with the world settling on liberal democracy after the end of the Cold War and the fall of the Berlin Wall in Fukuyama predicted the eventual global triumph of political and economic liberalism:.
What we may be witnessing is not just the end of the Cold War, or the passing of a particular period of postwar history, but the end of history as such That is, the end point of mankind's ideological evolution The End Of History Fukuyama Essay the universalization of Western liberal click here as the final form of human government.
Authors more info Ralf Dahrendorf argued in that the essay gave Fukuyama his 15 minutes of famewhich will be followed by a slide into obscurity. They are often media stars who are eaten up and spat out after their 15 minutes.
But he has lasted. According to Fukuyama, one of the main reasons for the massive criticism against The End of History was the aggressive stance that it took towards postmodernism. Postmodern philosophy had, in Fukuyama's opinion, undermined the ideology behind liberal democracy, leaving the western world in a potentially weaker position. Postmodernism, which, by this time, had become embedded in the cultural consciousness, offered no hope and nothing to sustain a necessary sense of community, instead relying only on lofty intellectual premises.
Fukuyama has written a number of other books, among them Trust: Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution. In the latter, he qualified his original "end of history" thesis, arguing that since biotechnology increasingly allows humans to control their own evolutionit may allow humans to alter human naturethereby putting liberal democracy at risk. He is a fierce enemy of transhumanisman intellectual movement asserting that posthumanity is a desirable goal.
In another work, The Great Disruption: Human Nature and the Reconstruction of Social OrderFukuyama explores the origins of social norms, and analyses the current disruptions in the fabric of our moral traditions, which he considers as arising from a shift from the manufacturing to the information age.
This shift is, he thinks, normal and will prove self-correcting, given the intrinsic human need for social norms and rules. Inin America at the CrossroadsFukuyama The End Of History Fukuyama Essay the history of neoconservatism, with particular focus on its major tenets and political implications.
He outlines his rationale for supporting the Bush administration, as well as where he believes it has gone wrong. InFukuyama published the book Falling Behind: Explaining the Development Gap Between Latin America and the United Stateswhich resulted from research and a conference funded by Grupo Mayan to gain understanding on why Latin America, once far wealthier than North America, fell behind in terms of development in only a matter of centuries.
Discussing this book at a conference, Fukuyama outlined his belief that inequality within Latin American nations is a key impediment to growth. An unequal distribution of wealth, he stated, leads to social upheaval, which then results in stunted growth. As a key Reagan Administration contributor to the formulation of the Reagan DoctrineFukuyama is an important figure in the rise of neoconservatismalthough his works came out years after Irving Kristol 's book crystallized neoconservatism.
Bush after the September 11, attacks that suggested the U. Fukuyama began to distance himself from the neoconservative agenda of the Bush administrationciting its excessive militarism and embrace of unilateral armed intervention, particularly in the Middle East. By lateFukuyama had voiced his growing opposition to the Source War  and called for Donald Rumsfeld 's resignation as Secretary of Defense.
At an annual dinner of the American Enterprise Institute in FebruaryDick Cheney and Charles Krauthammer declared the beginning of a unipolar era under American hegemony. He believes that the Iraq War was being blundered. Fukuyama declared he would not be voting for Bush,  and that the Bush administration had made three mistakes: Fukuyama believes the US has a right to promote its own values in the world, but more along the lines of what he calls "realistic Wilsonianism ", with military intervention only as a last resort and only in addition to other measures.
A latent military force is more likely to have an effect than actual deployment. Http://cyprus4u.info/repository/narrative-essay-about-memories.php US should instead stimulate political and economic development and gain a better understanding of what happens in other countries. The best instruments are setting a good example and providing education and, in many cases, money. The secret of development, be it political or economic, is that it never comes from outsiders, but always from people in the country itself.
One thing the US proved to have excelled in during the aftermath of World War II was the formation of international institutions.
A return to support for these structures would combine American power with international legitimacy. But such measures require a lot of patience.
This is the central thesis of his work America at the Crossroads. In a essay in The New York Times Magazine strongly critical of the invasion, he identified neoconservatism with Leninism.
He wrote that neoconservatives: Leninism was a tragedy in its Bolshevik version, and it has returned as farce when practiced by the United States.
The Post-Cold War World
Neoconservatism, as both a political symbol and a body of thought, has evolved into something I can no longer support. Fukuyama announced the end of the neoconservative moment and argued for the demilitarization of the War on Terrorism: Meeting the jihadist challenge is more of a "long, twilight struggle" [quoting Read more F.
Kennedy's inaugural address ] whose core is not a military campaign but a political contest for the hearts and minds of ordinary Muslims around the world.
Fukuyama endorsed Barack Obama in the US presidential election. I'm voting for Barack Obama this November for The End Of History Fukuyama Essay very simple reason. It is hard to imagine a more disastrous presidency than that of George W. It was bad enough that he launched an unnecessary war and undermined the standing of the United States throughout the world in his first term.
But in the waning days of his administration, he is presiding over a collapse of the American financial system and broader economy that will have consequences for years to come. As a general rule, democracies don't work well if voters do not hold political parties accountable for failure. While John McCain is trying desperately to pretend that he never had anything to do with the Republican Party, I think it would be a travesty to reward the Republicans for failure on such a grand scale.
Fukuyama is a part-time photographer.
He also has a keen interest in early-American furniturewhich he reproduces by hand. The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity to her.
The End of History and the Last Man is a book by Francis Fukuyama, expanding on his essay "The End of History?", published in the international affairs. The End of History? * Francis Fukuyama** but the end of history as such: that is, the end point of mankind's ideological evolution and the. Francis Fukuyama's influential essay 'The End of History?' announced the triumph of liberal democracy and the arrival of a post-ideological world. But was it just a. Francis Fukuyama was born in the Hyde In a essay in The New York Times Magazine Booknotes interview with Fukuyama on The End of History and the. It's Still Not the End of History. Twenty-five years after Francis Fukuyama's landmark essay, liberal democracy is increasingly beset. Its defenders need to go back.
They live in California, with their three children, Julia, David, and John away in school. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Francis Fukuyama Fukuyama in AristotleFriedrich NietzscheC. Retrieved 19 August Retrieved October 14, National Endowment for Democracy.
Archived from the original on July 8, Retrieved 23 November The New York Times. Retrieved Mar 17, Interview with Ben Wattenberg. Encyclopedia of Here Biography. Retrieved March 9, Marx, il liberalismo e la maledizione di Nietzsche quotation: World Historians and Their Critics May A Critique of Fukuyama's Bioethics".
Archived from the original PDF on Project for the New American Century. Archived from the original on Archived from the original PDF on June 10, Retrieved May 13, Retrieved May 5, The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved March 25, The New York Times on the Web. Works by Francis Fukuyama. From the Industrial Revolution to the Present Day George Elinor Click Fritz W.