A blog a truncation of the expression " weblog "  is a discussion or informational website published on the World Wide Web consisting of discrete, often informal diary -style text entries "posts".
Posts are typically displayed in reverse chronological order, so that the most recent post appears first, at the top of the web page.
Untilblogs were usually the work of a single individual, [ Personal Statement Ghostwriter Website Usa needed ] occasionally of a small group, and often covered a single subject or topic. In the s, "multi-author blogs" MABs have developed, with posts written by large numbers of authors and sometimes professionally edited. MABs from newspapersother media outlets, universitiesthink tanksadvocacy groupsand similar institutions account for an increasing quantity of blog traffic.
The rise of Twitter and other " microblogging " systems helps integrate MABs and single-author blogs into the news media. Blog can also be used as a verb, meaning to maintain or add content to a blog. The emergence and growth of blogs in the late s coincided with the advent of web publishing tools that facilitated the posting of content by non-technical users who did not have much experience with HTML or continue reading programming.
Previously, a knowledge of such technologies as HTML and File Transfer Protocol had been required to publish content on the Web, and as such, early Web users tended to be hackers and computer enthusiasts. In the s, the majority are interactive Web 2. Indeed, bloggers do not only produce content to post on their blogs, but also often build social relations with their readers and other bloggers. Personal Statement Ghostwriter Website Usa blogs provide commentary on a particular subject or topic, ranging from politics to sports.
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Others function as more personal online diariesand others function more as online brand advertising of a particular individual or company. A typical blog combines text, digital images, and links to other blogs, web pagesand other media related to its topic. The ability of readers to leave publicly viewable comments, and interact with other commenters, is an important contribution to the popularity of many blogs.
However, blog owners or authors often moderate and filter Personal Statement Ghostwriter Website Usa comments to remove hate speech or other offensive content. Most blogs are primarily textual, although some focus on art art blogsphotographs photoblogsvideos video blogs or "vlogs"music MP3 blogsand audio podcasts. In education, blogs can be used as instructional resources. These blogs are referred to as edublogs. Microblogging is another type of blogging, featuring very short posts.
On 20 Februarythere were around million Tumblr  and According just click for source critics and other bloggers, Blogger is the most popular blogging service used today. However, Blogger does not offer public statistics. The term "weblog" was coined by Jorn Barger  on 17 December The short form, "blog", was coined by Peter Merholz, who jokingly broke the word weblog into the phrase we blog in the sidebar of his blog Peterme.
In the s, Internet forum software, created running conversations with "threads". Threads are read article connections between messages on a virtual " corkboard ". The page was accessible by a special "What's New" button in the Mosaic web browser. The modern blog evolved from the online diarywhere people would keep a running account of the events in their personal lives. Most such writers called themselves diarists, journalistsor journalers.
Justin Hallwho began personal blogging in while a student at Swarthmore Collegeis generally recognized as one of the earlier bloggers,  as is Jerry Pournelle.
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Daily Net News ran links and daily reviews of new websites, mostly in Australia. Another early blog was Wearable Wireless Webcam, an online shared diary of a person's personal life combining text, digital video, and digital pictures transmitted live from a wearable computer and EyeTap device to a web site in This practice of semi-automated blogging with here video together with text was referred to as sousveillanceand such journals were also used as evidence in legal matters.
Early blogs were simply manually updated components of common Websites. However, the evolution of electronic and software tools to facilitate the production and maintenance of Web articles posted in reverse chronological order made the publishing process feasible to a much larger, less technical, population. Ultimately, this resulted in go here distinct class of online publishing that produces blogs we recognize today.
For instance, the use of some sort of browser-based software is now a typical aspect of "blogging". Blogs can be hosted by dedicated blog hosting servicesor they can be run using blog software, or on regular web hosting services.
Some early bloggers, such as The Misanthropic Bitchwho began inactually referred to their online presence as a zine Personal Statement Ghostwriter Website Usa, before the term blog entered common usage.
Personal Statement Ghostwriter Website Usa a slow start, blogging rapidly gained in popularity. Blog usage spread during and the years following, being further popularized by the near-simultaneous arrival of the first hosted blog tools:.
An early milestone in the rise in importance of blogs came inwhen many bloggers focused on comments by U.
Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott. Senator Strom Thurmondpraised Senator Thurmond by suggesting that the United States would have been better off had Thurmond been elected president. Lott's critics saw these comments as a tacit approval of racial segregationa policy advocated by Thurmond's Personal Statement Ghostwriter Website Usa campaign. This view was reinforced by documents and recorded interviews dug up by bloggers.
Though Lott's comments were made at a public event attended by the media, no major media organizations reported on his controversial comments until after blogs broke the story. Blogging helped to create a political crisis that forced Lott to step down as majority leader. Similarly, blogs were among the driving forces behind the " Rathergate " scandal.
Bloggers declared the documents to be forgeries and presented evidence and arguments in support of that view. Many bloggers view this scandal as the advent of blogs' acceptance here the mass media, both as a news source and opinion and as means of applying political pressure.
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Though often seen as partisan gossips, [ citation needed ] bloggers sometimes lead the way in bringing key information to public light, with mainstream media having to follow their lead. More often, however, news blogs tend to react to material already published by the mainstream media. Meanwhile, an increasing number of experts blogged, making blogs a source of in-depth analysis.
In Russiasome political bloggers have started to challenge the dominance of official, overwhelmingly pro-government media. Bloggers such as Rustem Adagamov and Alexei Navalny have many followers and the latter's nickname for the ruling United Russia party as the "party of crooks and thieves" has been adopted by anti-regime protesters.
Bythe role of blogs became increasingly mainstream, go here political consultantsnews services, and candidates began using them as tools for outreach and opinion forming. Blogging was established by politicians and political candidates to express opinions on war and other issues and cemented blogs' role Personal Statement Ghostwriter Website Usa a news source.
See Howard Dean and Wesley Clark. In JanuaryFortune magazine listed eight bloggers whom business people "could not ignore": Israel was among the first national governments to set up an official blog.
The impact of blogging upon the mainstream media has also been acknowledged by governments. Inthe presence of the American journalism industry had declined to the point that several newspaper corporations were filing for bankruptcy, resulting in less direct competition between newspapers within the same circulation area.
Discussion emerged as to whether the newspaper industry would benefit from a stimulus package by the federal government. There are many different types of blogs, differing not only in the type of content, but also in the way that content is delivered or written.
Personal Statement Ghostwriter Website Usa the popularity of blogging continues to rise, the commercialisation of blogging is rapidly increasing. Many corporations and companies collaborate with bloggers to increase advertising and engage online communities towards their products.
In the book Fans, Bloggers, and GamersHenry Jenkins stated that "Bloggers take knowledge in their own hands, enabling successful navigation within and between these emerging knowledge cultures. One can see such behaviour as co-optation into commodity culture insofar as it sometimes collaborates Personal Statement Ghostwriter Website Usa corporate interests, but one can also see it as increasing the diversity of media culture, providing opportunities for greater inclusiveness, and making more responsive to consumers.
As ofblogging had become such a mania that a new blog was created every second of every minute of every hour of every day. There are essentially two measures of this: The basic conclusion from studies of the structure of blogs is that while it takes time for a blog to become popular through blogrolls, permalinks can boost popularity more quickly, and are perhaps more indicative of popularity and authority than blogrolls, since they denote that people are actually reading the blog's content and deem it valuable or noteworthy in specific cases.
The slots Popular Thesis Editor Website For University Apps project was launched by researchers in the MIT Media Lab to crawl the Web and gather data from thousands of blogs in order to investigate their social properties.
Information was gathered by the tool for over four years, during which it autonomously tracked the most contagious information spreading in the blog community, ranking it by recency and popularity. It can, therefore, [ original research? The project was replaced by tailrank.
Blogs are given rankings by Alexa Internet web hits of Alexa Toolbar usersand formerly by blog search engine Technorati based on the number of incoming links Technorati stopped doing this in In AugustTechnorati found that the most linked-to blog on the internet was that of Chinese actress Xu Jinglei. Many bloggers, particularly those engaged in participatory journalismare amateur journalists, and thus they differentiate themselves from the professional reporters and editors who work in mainstream media organizations.
Other bloggers are media professionals who are publishing online, rather than via a TV station or newspaper, either as an add-on to a traditional media presence e. Some institutions and organizations see blogging as a means of "getting around the filter" of media " gatekeepers " and pushing their messages directly to the public. Many mainstream journalists, meanwhile, write their own blogs—well overaccording to CyberJournalist. Some bloggers have moved over to other media.
The following bloggers and others have appeared on radio and television: In counterpoint, Hugh Hewitt exemplifies a mass media personality who has moved in the other direction, adding to his reach in "old media" by being an influential blogger. Blogs have also had an influence on minority languagesbringing together scattered speakers and learners; this is particularly so with blogs in Gaelic languages. Minority language publishing which may lack economic feasibility can find its audience through inexpensive blogging.
There are examples of bloggers who have published books based on their blogs, e. Blog-based books have been given the name blook.
A prize for the best blog-based book was initiated in the Lulu Blooker Prize. Consumer-generated advertising is a relatively new and controversial development, and it has created a new model of marketing communication from businesses to consumers. Among the various forms of advertising on blog, the most controversial are the sponsored posts.
Blogs have led to some disintermediation and a breakdown of the traditional advertising model, where companies can skip over the advertising agencies previously the only interface with the customer and contact the customers Personal Statement Ghostwriter Website Usa via social media websites.
On the other hand, new companies specialised in blog advertising have been established, to take advantage of this new development as Personal Statement Ghostwriter Website Usa.
However, there are many people who look negatively on this new development. Blogging can result in a range of legal liabilities and other unforeseen consequences. Several cases have been brought before the national courts against bloggers concerning issues of defamation or liability.
Internet Service Providers ISPsin general, are immune from liability for information that originates with third parties U.