The way you approach your question will have a profound effect upon the way you construct your dissertation, so this section discusses the types of research you might undertake for your dissertation.
The use of literature and case studies is considered and the merits of primary research are debated and advice is given on the use of existing research data.
You may not be fond of statistics, but the potential relevance of a quantitative approach should be considered and similarly, the idea of qualitative analysis and conducting your own research may yield valuable data. The possibilities of using quantitative and qualitative data are also discussed. Watch video on approaching methodologies. What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative?
This video clip contains comments from the following academics:. Your approach, research design, and research question are all connected. Dissertations can be based on either quantitative or qualitative data, or on a combination of both. How you choose this may depend on your preferences and abilities, and the suitability of particular approaches to your topic. You need to be able to justify why you have chosen to use such data. Quantitative data is particularly useful when you wish to discover how common particular forms of behaviour such as illegal drug use are for a particular age group.
Qualitative data is particularly useful when you wish to find out why people engage in such behaviour. Think about the Research Methods modules you have taken so far. Think about the different kinds of studies you Methodology Literature Review Dissertation read for other modules. There is plenty of scope to use the approaches and methods that you are most comfortable with.
You need to justify your approach and methods and to cite appropriate literature to help you do this. You will probably want to use large datasets and undertake quantitative data analysis, and you will be adopting a realist approach to the topic studied.
Quantitative dissertations are likely Role Of Literature In Theory be nearer to the lower end of the range of approved lengths for the dissertation e.
They will also include tables and figures giving your important findings. Remember that all tables must be carefully titled and labelled and that sources of your data must be acknowledged. You will probably want Methodology Literature Review Dissertation use in-depth qualitative data, and you may wish to adopt a realist, a phenomenologist, or a constructionist approach to the topic.
Qualitative dissertations will include descriptive material, usually extracts from interviews, conversations, documents or field notes, visit web page are therefore likely to be nearer to the upper limit of your word range e. The types of method suitable for a dissertation could include content analysis, a small scale ethnographic study, small scale in-depth qualitative interviewing.
There are many ways in which qualitative and quantitative data and analysis can be combined. Here are two examples. Your supervisor or research methods tutor may be able to give you detailed examples of these or other ways to combine methods. If you decide to do a primarily theoretical dissertation, it is almost certain that your dissertation will be entirely literature-based.
This is likely to be the methodology of theoretical analysis: You might ask how useful certain concepts or theories are for understanding particular patterns of behaviour. How useful is the concept of institutional racism? Is objectivity in the media possible?
How useful is subcultural theory for understanding virtual communities? Here, the focus of attention is not so much to discover something about the social world, for example virtual communities, as to reach Methodology Literature Review Dissertation judgement about the value of key concepts or theories in understanding that world.
How the study is approached and how contrasting approaches are drawn upon needs to be stated very clearly. A library-based or theoretical study is not necessarily go here than an empirical study, indeed, it may well be harder. Remember that theoretical studies, like data-based studies, need to have their research design spelled out from the start.
How to Write a Literature Review -- Dr. Guy E White
But even if your dissertation is more empirically focused, it could still be entirely literature-based. You might choose to conduct a review of a field of work. What does the Methodology Literature Review Dissertation literature in this field tell us about x? Article source all dissertations will include a literature review, it Methodology Literature Review Dissertation possible to produce a dissertation that is entirely based on a review of the literature.
If you do this, it is important to review the literature from an explicit angle and identify some themes to make the review distinctive. You might, for example, explore empirical debates in your chosen field across different countries or time periods.
Whilst it is possible for dissertations to be entirely literature-based, the most common Methodology Literature Review Dissertation of dissertation takes the form of a case study. Here the focus of attention is on a particular community, organisation or set of documents. The attraction of this kind of dissertation is that it stems from empirical curiosity but is at the same time practical. You may be interested in a wider question but a case study enables you to focus on a specific example.
A major challenge in case study dissertations is connecting your own primary research or re-analysis with the broader theoretical themes and empirical concerns of the existing literature. Most dissertations demand either primary or secondary research. In other words, you usually have to analyse data that you have either collected yourself or data that is already available. The reason for this is that the questions here usually address take the following form: Why is x happening?
Why is x changing? These questions demand primary or secondary analysis of data. Case Study 9 Think hard before you decide to undertake empirical research: Secondary analysis is when you analyse data which was collected by another researcher. It allows the researcher to explore areas of interest without having to go through the process of collecting data themselves in the field. The problem with using fieldwork methods in an undergraduate dissertation, however, is that they are costly in terms of time which is relatively scarce in your final year!
You may choose, therefore, to undertake secondary research, analysing existing data. There are a range of documents that already contain research data that you can analyse.
You may, for example, be interested in exploring whether gender stereotypes in the media are changing. This might entail content analysis of newspapers, magazines, video or other media over different time periods. Here you would not be collecting your own data but instead would be analysing existing documents.
Download Case Study 6 Media research. If you are interested, for example, in doing historical research, you may need to visit archives. Government reports and autobiographies may also be used as data.
Other documents include official statistics, datasets statistical dataand banks of interview transcripts which are all freely available to the academic community.
This section of the literature review examines factors influencing studies which had only used a single methodology. Previous literature was used to. A GUIDE TO WRITING YOUR MASTERS DISSERTATION Literature Review: Research Methodology. Methodology. Writing Dissertation Proposal; Research Process. Selecting Research Area; Literature review. Published June 8, at × in Literature review. Looking for some help with a methodology? Dissertation writers are here to back you up! Hire an expert at Get-Essay and take no thought for your boring tasks.
Increasingly, documents, databases and archives are readily accessible online. Research Methods tutors on your course will be able to advise on the availability and accessibility of such data sets. There are some advantages of doing secondary analysis, particularly if you are doing a quantitative study. You will be able to work with much larger datasets than you could have collected yourself.
Learn about the difference between ‘Methodology’ and ‘Methods’ and what to include in the Methodology section of your dissertation Literature Review. Literature Review Methodology Guidelines – 4 Simple Steps that’ll Guarantee an a Grade. A literature review is not the introduction of your dissertation and. Guide to undergraduate dissertations in the undertake for your dissertation. The use of literature and case studies is include a literature review. Process involved in conducting literature based research methodology. of the dissertation between literature review as a methodology in its. The dissertation methodology follows your literature review, so for the purposes of clarity it's useful to recap the central research question.
This has the following advantages:. Quantitative data may also result from non-participant observations or other measurements e. Also, sometimes data that are collected through qualitative processes participant observation, interviews are coded and quantified. Your research methods tutor can give you further information on these types of data, but here are some common quantitative data collection methods and their definitions:.
A series of questions that the respondent answers on their own.
Self-completion questionnaires are good for collecting data on relatively simple topics, and for gaining a general overview of an issue. Questionnaires need to have clear questions, an easy to follow design, and not be too long. Similar to a self-completion questionnaire, except that the questions that are asked by an interviewer to the interviewee.
Methodology Literature Review Dissertation same questions are read out in the same way to all respondents. There will typically be a fixed choice of answers for the respondents. Watching people and recording systematically their behaviour. Prior to the observation, an observation schedule will be produced which details what exactly the researcher should look for and how those observations should be recorded.
If you are conducting a qualitative analysis you are likely to wish to use continue reading least some original material. This may be collected through in-depth interviews, participant observation recordings and fieldnotes, non-participant observation, or some combination of these. Below are some data collection methods that you might source to use for your dissertation:.
A way of asking questions which allows the interviewee to have more control of the interview. A form of interviewing where there are several participants; there is an emphasis in the questioning on a tightly defined topic; the accent is on interaction within the group and the joint construction of meaning. The moderator tries to provide a relatively free rein to the discussion. This involves studying people in naturally occurring settings. The researcher participates directly in the setting Methodology Literature Review Dissertation collects data in a systematic manner.
The researcher will observe behaviour, listen to conversations, and ask questions. Spend some time looking at general books about research - they will give you Esl Argumentative Writing Site overview of the data collection methods available and help you to make the best choice for your project.
Bryman would be a useful starting point. For any piece of research you conduct, be it empirically based quantitative or qualitative or library based, its methods must be justified.
You need to show in the final dissertation how you have given consideration to different methods, and why you have chosen and eliminated these. Often in early supervision meetings they ask students to justify their reasons for choosing a library-based or an empirical study.
Todd, Smith and Bannisterp This was particularly useful for one of our respondents:.