Here are four fascinating facts about Johnny Appleseed aka John Chapmanwho brought apples to the American frontier in the 's.
Because apples don't "grow true" from seeds, most apple trees that grow from seeds produce sour, inedible fruit. Only a very rare tree actually sports edible, tasty apples. All the apples you see in grocery stores come from clones of an original tree, grown by grafting pieces of the original tree onto healthy bases of the inedible trees. So why did people want inedible apples on the American frontier?
For hard cider, of course!
So we have been learning about Johnny Appleseed during social studies and we did this craft project that turned out really cute! It can actually be a paper topper also. This article outlines an entire apple-themed week filled with apple lesson plans for your kindergarten class. You'll study Johnny Appleseed, do apple art projects and. Apple Theme and Unit ideas for pre-school through second graders. Included are additional resource sites as well as sites for Johnny Appleseed. After visiting several of the websites for tall tales, complete one or more of these related activities.
Alcohol had many uses beyond the obviousand hard cider was a staple drink in Johnny Appleseed Writing Paper century America. Although experts disagree on the details, several accounts describe Johnny Appleseed as wearing a coffee sack as clothing, with a tin cooking pot for a hat. A tip for modern readers: Johnny Appleseed was a lifelong vegetarian, and took great care to protect animals, including insects -- very unusual viewpoints in the early s.
One cool autumnal night, while lying by his camp-fire in the woods, he observed that the mosquitoes flew in the blaze and were burnt.
Johnny, who wore on his head a tin utensil which answered both as a cap and a mush pot, filled it with water and quenched the fire, and afterwards remarked, "God forbid that I should build a fire for my comfort, that should be the means of destroying any of His creatures.
Another time he made his camp-fire at the end of a hollow log in which he intended to pass the night, but finding Johnny Appleseed Writing Paper occupied by a bear and cubs, he removed his fire to the other end, and slept on the snow in the open air, rather than disturb the read more. Though I've got to ask Perhaps people were tougher in the s.
Johnny may have been a bit of a kook when it came to the ladies. He never married, and some reports describe him paying for foster care of a girl whom he later hoped to marry though apparently she broke his heart around age According to a Harper's article inJohnny believed that if he remained unmarried on earth, two "female spirits" would be his wives in the afterlife.
For more astounding information on Johnny Appleseed, check out the first section of The Botany of Desire by Michael Pollan my source for much of the information aboveor check the Wikipedia article on Johnny Appleseed aka John Chapman. When was the last time you looked a stranger in the face and made a snap judgment about how they behave?
If you've graduated kindergarten, you know you're not Johnny Appleseed Writing Paper to. But for centuries, scientists and philosophers believed that physical traits corresponded to personality. Even Aristotle thought there was a connection between the book and its cover. Today, physiognomy—as the study of facial features linked to personality became known—is considered a pseudoscience, but it was the first application of any science at all to criminology.
Some argue that it helped pave the way for the development of forensics and tools like psychological profiling; others point out that attempts to link biology to Johnny Appleseed Writing Paper behavior are often deeply problematicand have been used to justify discrimination against various ethnic and religious groups.
Controversial though they may be, theories linking biology to criminal behavior have not gone away. From skull shape to http://cyprus4u.info/repository/how-to-write-a-business-proposel.php types, here are some of the ways we've tried to use what's on the surface to unearth the monsters underneath.
As a young man in late 18th-century Vienna, physician Franz Josef Johnny Appleseed Writing Paper wondered why his classmates were so good at memorization while he struggled. And why did he surpass them in other areas? After noticing that those who were particularly skilled at memorization had prominent eyes, he spent years searching for a biological explanation for differences in mental characteristics.
Eventually, he landed on a theory that aimed to explain all human behavior. He believed that the size of an organ was correlated to its power and that the skull took its shape from the brain. Avoid How To Write Reply Letter X-Games such, by examining the shape of the skull one could determine personality.
Eventually, Gall's followers introduced the idea that people were born with their faculties in balance and were essentially good, but under- or over- development, diseases of, or damage to any of these faculties could cause an imbalance that would lead to a particular behavior. Phrenology soon took off in Europe and then in North America.
It wasn't long until Gall's acolytes were applying his principles to the study of criminality, examining the skulls of criminals for clues about their personality and publishing books and link that showed others how to do the same.
For phrenologists, crime was a result of an overgrowth or other anomaly in a particular faculty—say, destructiveness. By attributing behavior to a brain defect, phrenology broke with existing notions of deviant behavior. During the Enlightenment, free will reigned supreme, and criminality was seen as an Johnny Appleseed Writing Paper of that will, the only deterrent for which was severe punishment. Phrenology removed free will from the equation. It's no coincidence that phrenologists were among the most vocal opponents of capital and corporal punishment and major proponents of rehabilitation in the middle of the 19th century.
Phrenology declined in popularity in the second half of the 19th century, although it persisted into the 20th century in some areas.
For a brief moment, it was the first and most comprehensive scientific approach we had to criminology. The army doctor and professor of psychiatry was struck by both Darwin's theories and the work of Italian evolutionists during the s, and evolution greatly influenced his later work.
Villella had a small indentation at the back of his skull; unusual for a human, but common in some primates. Lombroso noticed the trait in a few other crooks, and theorized that criminals were in fact some Johnny Appleseed Writing Paper throwback to primitive humans. Behavioral traits like idleness and non-biological features like tattoos could also be a please click for source. Lombroso ran experiments on prisoners, the insane, and even low-lifes he wrangled from Italian alleyways.
He took measurements of their bodies and features and tested their blood pressure, pain resistance, and reaction to other stimuli. Over the years, he established a set of features associated with different types of crime. His theory, known as degeneration, laid the foundation for a systematic approach to crime and even punishment. Like the phrenologists, Lombroso and his acolytes argued against capital punishment for those whose degeneration was not particularly advanced but triggered by an environmental factor—they were to be treated rather than locked up.
While wildly popular during his lifetime he even argued the merits of his theory with Russian novelist Leo Tolstoy while visiting the writer's homeLombroso's ideas faded from prominence as sociological theories of crime became more popular at the turn of the 20th century. Besides his emphasis on a scientific approach to Johnny Appleseed Writing Paper, his legacy consists of a museum in Turin stocked with the skulls and other ephemera he collected throughout his career Body type is blamed for a lot these days—a propensity for obesity, jeans that don't fit quite right.
Johnny Appleseed was a legendary American who planted and supplied apple trees to much of the United States of America. Many people think that Johnny Appleseed was a. Poems: Five Red Apples (counting rhyme - author unknown) Five red apples hanging in a tree, The juiciest apples you ever did see. The wind came by and gave an. Teach your ELLs about American Folktales through a unit on Johnny Appleseed. This is a perfect accompaniment to a thematic unit on Apples or on other Fall topics. An Apple for the Teacher: Activities for Johnny Appleseed's Birthday Mark the occasion of the anniversary of Johnny Appleseed's birth by making these apple. Here are four fascinating facts about Johnny Appleseed (aka John Chapman), who brought apples to the American frontier in the 's. Because apples don't "grow true.
But in the early 20th http://cyprus4u.info/repository/thomas-aquinas-faith-and-reason-essay.php, an American psychologist named William Sheldon looked a little deeper. Sheldon examined some photographs of college students and distilled their bodies into three categories, or somatotypes: Endomorphs were soft, round, and put on fat easily; they were also amiable, relaxed, and extroverted.
Mesomorphs were hard, muscular, and broad-chested; they were also assertive, aggressive, and insensitive. Finally, ectomorphs were long, narrow, and fragile-looking; they were also more introverted and anxious. Bodies fell into a spectrum defined by the degree to which they exhibited each of these three traits. In a study of delinquent youths, Sheldon concluded that mesomorphs had the greatest predisposition for impulsive and thus perhaps criminal behavior. While his work was criticized for its methodology, Sheldon did attract more than a few students, some of whom modified his theory to include social pressures; for example, it was possible that society treated people with certain physical characteristics a certain way, thereby encouraging delinquency.
Ina year-old man underwent genetic testing after discovering his child had Down syndrome.
Johnny Appleseed - My First Biography Read Aloud
The test results surprised his doctor—the man had an extra Y chromosome. Over the following decades, further testing revealed that XYY syndromeas it became known, was rather common, appearing in men at a rate of 1 in Inwhen a study from a Scottish Johnny Appleseed Writing Paper for people with dangerous, violent, or criminal propensities reported a high frequency of XYY syndrome among its population, scientists and the media alike began to wonder if that extra chromosome somehow caused violence and aggression in men.
XYY was used as a defense in the trial of a French murderer, and has been brought up in regard to the case of Richard Speck, the student nurse killer of Chicago, though he turned out not to have the extra Y. But what does the science say?
While men with XYY syndrome tend to be taller, more active, and have a greater chance of having learning or behavioral problems, there's been no evidence showing a decrease in intelligence or a higher propensity for violence or aggression. In fact, most XYY men are unaware of their genetic quirk and blend perfectly well into the rest of the population. While two Dutch studies did show an increase in criminal convictions among XYY men, researchers have posited that this could be explained away based on socioeconomic variables that have also been linked to the chromosome aberrations.
Christa McAuliffe was set to become the first private citizen to travel to space Johnny Appleseed Writing Paper she boarded the Challenger space shuttle on January 28, That dream was cut tragically short when the shuttle exploded 73 seconds after liftoff, killing all seven passengers onboard. Now, 32 years later, part of McAuliffe's mission will finally be realized.
Before she was selected to join the Challenger crew, McAuliffe taught social studies at a Concord, New Hampshire high school. Her astronaut status was awarded as part of NASA's Teacher in Space Johnny Appleseed Writing Paper, a program designed to inspire this web page interest in math, science, and Johnny Appleseed Writing Paper exploration.
Once in orbit, McAuliffe had planned to conduct live and taped lessons in microgravity for her students and the world to see.
Though that never happened, she left behind enough notes and practice videos for astronauts to carry through with her legacy 32 years later. On Friday, January 19, astronaut Joe Acaba announced that he and his colleague Ricky Arnold will be sharing her lessons from the International Space Station over the upcoming months. McAuliffe's lost lesson plan includes experiments with Newton's laws of motion, bubbles, chromatography, and liquids in space, all of which will be Johnny Appleseed Writing Paper by Acaba and Arnold and shared online through the Challenger Center, a nonprofit promoting space science education.
It will be the first time students will get to see the lessons performed in space, but it won't source the only footage of the lessons available on the internet. You can watch one of her demonstrations below. Subscribe To Our Newsletter!
The Apples Were for Booze Because apples don't "grow true" from seeds, most apple trees that grow from seeds produce sour, inedible fruit. He Wore Some Pretty Crazy Clothes Although experts disagree on the details, several accounts describe Johnny Appleseed as wearing a coffee sack as clothing, with a tin cooking pot for a hat. He Was a Vegetarian, Respected Animals and Even Insects Johnny Appleseed was a lifelong vegetarian, and took great care to protect animals, including insects -- very unusual viewpoints in the early s.
A page from Cesare Lombroso's book l'Uomo Delinquente An XYY syndrome karyotype. More from mental floss studios.