Construction Management Terms and Definitions This Glossary represents the most common Terms and Definitions used in performing the construction management process.
This Glossary can also be found in the publication authored by W. Gary Westernoff our founder. The book is titled, " Construction Management Made Easy ". A second fun book recently publised is " Construction Like Sushi " that compares the construction process with the making of sushi and features a new four part system for organizing and managing any size building construction project.
Glossary Search Search for: A scheduling term 2. The smallest work unit within a project; the basic building block of a project. Just click for source The Americans with Disabilities Act which gives civil rights protection to individuals with disabilities similar to those provided to individuals on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age, and religion.
It guarantees equal opportunity for individuals with disabilities in public accommodations, employment, transportation, State and local government services, and telecommunications. Addendum Addenda Written information adding to, clarifying or modifying the bidding documents. An addendum is generally issued by the owner to the contractor during the bidding process and as such, addenda are intended to become part of the contract documents when the construction contract is executed.
Construction Manager for fee but classified as an independent contractor for tax purposes. A construction manager for fee does not have any financial responsibility whereas a construction manager at-risk does have financial risk similar to a general contractor. Agreement An arrangement between the parties regarding a method of action.
A term used to describe partial construction work performed within an existing structure 2. Remodeling without a building addition.
Application for Payment Contractor's written request for payment for completed portions of the work and, for materials delivered or stored and properly How To Write A Bid Request for the respective project.
Architect One who designs and supervises the construction of buildings or other check this out. How To Write A Bid Request Basic Services A recognized series of phases performed by an architect as follows: Architect-Engineer An individual or firm offering professional services as both architect and engineer.
As-Built Drawings also known as Record Drawings Contract drawings marked up to reflect changes made during the construction process. It is good practice to make As-Built drawings by marking the changes on reproducible drawings such a sepias for the duplication purposes later. An offer or proposal of a price 2. The amount offered or proposed. Bid Bond A written form of security executed by the bidder as principal and by a surety for the purpose of guaranteeing that the bidder will sign the contract, if awarded the contract, for the stated bid amount.
Bid Form A standard written form furnished to all bidders for the purpose of obtaining the requested information and required signatures from the authorized bidding representatives. A Bid Opening can be open where the bidders are permitted to attend or closed where the bidders are not permitted to attend.
Bid Tabulation A summary sheet listing all bid prices for the purpose of analyzing the bid results. Bid tabulations include the required items of the invitation to bid and usually include bid amount, completion time, addenda's included, contract exclusions, bonding rate, etc. Often times, the apparent low bidder is not the low bidder. Bid Shopper A buyer or client who seeks to play one proposed supplier or subcontractor against the other for the purpose of reducing a purchase price. Bidding Documents The published advertisement or written invitation to bidinstructions to bidders, the bid form and the proposed contract documents including any acknowledged addenda issued prior to receipt of bids.
Bidding Requirements The written minimum acceptable requirements set forth How To Write A Bid Request the owner to the contractor during bidding process. The owner usually reserves the right to reject a bid if the Bidding Requirements are not met. Bonding Company A properly licensed firm or corporation willing to execute a surety bond, or bonds, payable to the owner, securing the performance on a contract either in whole or in part; or securing payment for labor and materials.
Budget Construction Budget 1. An itemized summary of estimated or intended expenditures for a given period of time 2. The total sum of money allocated for a specific project. To form by combining materials or parts 2.
A structure enclosed within a roof and within exterior walls housing, shelter, enclosure and support of individuals, animals, or real property How To Write A Bid Request any kind. Building Code The legal requirements set up by the prevailing various governing agencies covering the minimum acceptable requirements for all types of construction.
Building Envelope Sometimes referred to as Building Shell 1. The waterproof elements of a building which enclose conditioned spaces through which thermal energy may be transferred to or from the exterior. The outer structure of the building. See Tenant and Leasehold link for building interiors. Courts have ruled that building inspections are exempt from errors and omissions liabilities. Building Permit A written document issued by the appropriate governmental authority permitting construction to begin on a specific project in accordance with drawings and specifications approved by the governmental authority.
Change Order A written document between the owner and the contractor signed by the owner and the contractor authorizing a change in the work or an adjustment in the contract sum or the contract time. A change order may be signed by the architect or engineer, provided they have written authority from the owner for such procedure and that a copy of such written authority is furnished to the contractor upon request.
The contract sum and the contract time may be changed only by change order. A change order may be in the form of additional compensation or time; or less compensation or time known as a Deduction from the contract the amount deducted from the contract sum by change order.
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Change Order Proposal See Change order A change order proposal is the written document before it has been approved and effected by the Contractor and Owner. A change order proposal can be issued by either the contractor or the owner.
The change order proposal becomes a change order only after it has been approved and effected by the Contractor and Owner. Change Order Request A written document issued by the owner requesting an adjustment to the contract sum or an extension of the contract time; generally issued by the architect or owners representative. This e-mail gives the poster the ability to file and track their respective RFP's using their click to see more e-mail filing system.
Codes Prevailing regulations, ordinances or statutory requirements set forth by governmental agencies associated with building construction practices and owner occupancy, adopted and administered for the protection of public health, life safety and welfare.
Construction Documents All drawings, specifications and addenda associated with a specific construction project. Construct To assemble and combine construction materials and methods to make a structure. Construction The act or process of constructing. The direct contractor costs for labor, material, equipment, and services; contractors overhead and profit; and other direct construction costs.
How To Write A Bid Request cost does not include the compensation paid to the architect and engineer and consultants, the cost of the land, rights-of-way How To Write A Bid Request other costs which are defined in the contract documents as being the responsibility of the owner. Construction Documents A term used to represent all drawings, specifications, addenda, other pertinent construction information associated with the construction of a specific project.
Construction Documents Phase The third phase of the architect's basic services wherein the architect prepares working drawings, specifications and bidding information. Depending on the architects scope of services the see more may assists the owner in the preparation of bidding forms, the conditions of the contract and the form of agreement between the owner and contractor.
Construction Document Review The owners review of the borrowers construction documents plans and specificationslist of materials, and cost breakdowns for the purpose of confirming that these documents How To Write A Bid Request estimates are feasible and are in accordance with the proposed loan or project appraisal.
Construction Inspector see Project Representative. Construction Management Organizing and directing men, materials, and equipment to accomplish the purpose of the designer. Construction Management Contract A written agreement wherein responsibilities for coordination and accomplishment of overall project planning, design and construction are given to a construction management firm. The building team generally consists of the owner, contractor and designer or architect.
Construction Phase The fifth and final phase of the architect's basics services, which includes the architect's general administration of the construction contract s. Consultant One hired by the owner or client to give professional advise. Cost Codes A numbering system given to specific kinds of work for the purpose of organizing the cost control process of a specific project.
Cost of Work All costs incurred by the contractor in the proper performance of the work required by the plans and specifications for a specific project. The fee is usually stated as a stipulated sum or as a percentage article source cost.
An agreement between two or more parties, especially one that is written and enforceable by law 2. The writing or document containing such an agreement. Contract Administration The contractual duties and responsibilities of the architect and engineer during the construction phase of a specific project.
Contract Bond A written form of security from a surety company, on behalf of an acceptable prime or main contractor or subcontractor, guaranteeing complete execution of the contract and all supplemental agreements pertaining thereto and for the payment of all legal debts pertaining to the construction of the project. Contract Documents A term used to represent all executed agreements between the owner and contractor; any general, supplementary or other contract conditions; the drawings and specifications; all addenda issued prior to execution of the contract; and any other items specifically stipulated as being included in the contract documents.
Contract Over-run under-run The difference between the original contract price and the final completed cost including all adjustments by approved change order. Contract Payment Bond A written form of security from a surety company to the owner, on behalf of here acceptable prime or main contractor or subcontractor, guaranteeing payment to all persons providing labor, materials, equipment, or services in accordance with the How To Write A Bid Request.
How to Write a Bid. Having the skills to do a job doesn't always mean you have the knowledge to be able to effectively pursue the project or convince the client that. Apr 05, · How to Write a Construction Bid. When submitting a bid proposal for a construction project, you are competing against other businesses and trying to. A request for proposal is a document issued by a company when it wants to buy a product and wants to make its specifications available to bidders. A sealed bid is often submitted when a company or individual puts out an invitation to bid. An invitation to bid usually asks companies to submit a proposal of. Follow us on: HB Digital is a D.B.A. of HB Digital Arts & Blueprint, Inc. Copyright ©
Contract Performance Bond How To Write A Bid Request written form of security from a surety company to the owner, on behalf of an acceptable prime or main contractor or subcontractor, guaranteeing the completion of the work in accordance with the terms of the contract. Contract Period The elapsed number of working days or calendar days from the specified date of commencing work to the specified date of completion, as specified in the contract. Contract Sum The total agreeable amount payable by the owner to the contractor for the performance of the work under the contract documents.
Contract Time The time period set forth established in the contract documents for completing a specific project; usually stated in working days or calendar days. The contract time can only be adjusted by valid time extensions through change order.
Contractual Liability The liability assumed by a party under a contract. Contractor A properly licensed individual of company that agrees to furnish labor, materials, equipment and associated services to perform the work as specified for a specified price.
Contractor's Option A written provision in the contract documents giving the contractor the option of selecting certain specified materials, methods or systems without changing in the contract sum.
Contractor's Qualification Statement A written statement of the Contractor's experience and qualifications submitted continue reading the Owner during the contractor selection process. Contracting Officer An official representative of the owner with specific authority to act in his behalf in connection with a specific project.
Critical Path The set of activities that must be completed on time for the project How To Write A Bid Request date to be met. Activities on the critical path have no slack time. Critical Path Method C. A planning scheduling and control line and symbol diagram drawn to show the respective tasks and activities involved in constructing a specific project.
By establishing a master list of titles and numbers Master Format promotes standardization and thereby facilitates the retrieval of information and improves construction communication. It provides a uniform system for organizing information in project continue reading, for organizing project cost data, and for filing product information and other technical data.