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Women's History Famous Unitarian Universalists. Readers have asked this question often.
I couldn't figure out what the term "Transcendentalism" meant. Source couldn't figure out what the central idea was that held all those authors and poets and philosophers together so that they deserved this categorical name, Transcendentalists. And so, if you're at this page because you're having difficulty: Here's what I've learned since high school about this subject.
The Transcendentalists can be understood in one sense by their context -- by what they were rebelling against, what they saw as the current Does England Have Homework and therefore as what they were trying to be different from.
One way to look at the Transcendentalists is to see them as a generation of well educated people who lived in the decades before the American Civil War and the national division that it both reflected and helped to create.
These people, mostly New Englanders, mostly around Boston, were attempting to create a uniquely American body of literature. It was already decades since the Americans had won independence from England.
Now, these people believed, it was time for literary independence. And so they deliberately click here about creating literature, essays, novels, philosophy, poetry, and other writing that were clearly different from anything from England, France, Germany, or any other European nation. Another way to look at the Transcendentalists is to see them as a generation of people struggling to define spirituality and religion our words, not necessarily theirs in a way that took into account the new understandings their age made available.
The new Biblical Criticism in Germany and elsewhere had been looking at the Christian and Jewish scriptures through the eyes of literary analysis Does England Have Homework had raised questions for some about the old assumptions of religion. The Enlightenment had come to new rational conclusions about the natural world, mostly based on experimentation and logical thinking.
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The pendulum was swinging, and a more Romantic way of thinking -- less rational, more intuitive, more in touch with the senses -- was coming into vogue. Those new rational conclusions had raised important questions, but were no longer Does England Have Homework. German philosopher Kant raised both questions and insights into the religious and philosophical thinking about reason and religion. This new generation looked at the previous generation's rebellions of the early 19th century Unitarians and Universalists against traditional Trinitarianism and against Calvinist predestinationarianism.
This new generation decided that the revolutions had not gone far enough, and had stayed too much in the rational mode. The spiritual hunger of the age that also gave rise to a new evangelical Christianity gave rise, in the educated centers in New England and around Boston, to an intuitive, experiential, passionate, more-than-just-rational perspective.
God gave humankind the gift of intuition, the gift of insight, the gift of here.
Why waste such a gift? Added to all this, the scriptures of non-Western cultures were discovered in the West, translated, and published so that they were more widely available. The Harvard-educated Emerson and others began to read Non Thesis Biology Online and Buddhist scriptures, and examine their own religious Does England Have Homework against these scriptures.
In their perspective, a loving God Does England Have Homework not have led so much of humanity astray; there must be truth in these scriptures, too. Truth, if it agreed with an individual's intuition of truth, must be indeed truth. And so Transcendentalism was born. In the words of Ralph Waldo Emerson, "We will walk on our own feet; we will work with our own hands; we will speak our own minds A nation of men will for the first time exist, because each believes himself inspired by the Divine Soul which also inspires all men.
Most of the Transcendentalists became involved as well in social reform movements, especially anti-slavery and women's rights.
Abolitionism was the word used for the more radical branch of anti-slavery reformism; feminism was a word that was invented deliberately in France some decades later and was not, to my knowledge, found in the time of the Transcendentalists. Why social reform, and why these issues in particular? The Transcendentalists, despite some remaining Euro-chauvinism in thinking that people with British and German backgrounds were more suited for freedom than others see some of Theodore Parker's writings, for instance, for this sentimentalso believed that at the level of the human soul, all people had access to divine inspiration and sought and loved freedom and knowledge and truth.
Thus, those institutions of society which fostered vast differences in the ability to be educated, to be self-directed, were institutions to be reformed.
Women and African-descended slaves were human beings who deserved more ability to become educated, Does England Have Homework fulfill their human potential in a twentieth-century phraseto be fully human. Men like Theodore Parker and Thomas Wentworth Higginson who identified themselves as Transcendentalists, also worked for freedom of the slaves and for women's freedom.
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The best multimedia instruction on the web to help you with your homework and study. This page looks at why people may think that England is the UK or is Great Britain. This is of course is untrue, but is a common thought by many people overseas. A brief introduction to the basic ideas of Transcendentalism, including the source and context of the ideas. Get an answer for 'How does Macbeth's character change throughout the course of the play?' and find homework help for other Macbeth questions at eNotes. Diverse definition, of a different kind, form, character, etc.; unlike: a wide range of diverse opinions. See more.
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